Agenor Asteriadis began his artistic training at the Athens School of Fine Arts. He was guided by various artists, among them Georgios Roilos, Sypros Vikatos and Nikolaos Lytras. After Asteriadis graduated, he started exhibiting and held his first solo exhibition in Larissa. His career went on to flourish and he participated in the Venice Biennale in 1934 and 1940, and subsequently became a member of the Greek Artists’ Association.
Asteriadis’s artistic talents were versatile and he worked with murals, frescoes, mosaics and illustrated books. During the German occupation, he published posters of his engravings that had been inspired by folk songs. His compositions ranged from landscapes to nudes and still lifes. He died in Athens in 1977 after having spent almost 10 years teaching drawing at the Zanneio Orphanage in Piraeus.